Film actress and notorious Hollywood gossip columnist Hedda Hopper nicknamed her Beverly Hills home ‘the house that Fear built.’ It’s hard to imagine she would have inspired the same kind of fear if she had stuck with her own birth name: Elda Furry.
An aspiring actress, young Elda got her start in the entertainment world by running away from home to join choruses in New York. However she got off to a shaky start before joining the theatre company of DeWolf Hopper. She became his fifth wife, but quickly discovered that being Mrs Elda Hopper had an odd domestic drawback.
She told Life magazine that her husband had previously been married to women named Ella, Ida, Edna and Nella; confusion with Elda was inevitable and DeWolf frequently called her by one of his ex-wives’ names. A numerologist advised her to change her name to Hedda, which proved far less confusing.
As Hedda Hopper she appeared in around 140 films, nearly one third of which are now believed to have been lost.
Their name! The Jungle Book by Rudyard Kipling features a black panther (or a black-toned Indian leopard) called Bagheera, who offered protection and guidance to a human child named Mowgli. Bagheera had once lived in captivity before making his escape and returning to the jungle; he has a better understanding of humans than most of the jungle-dwelling animals that he and Mowgli encounter.
In homage to The Jungle Book, a species of spider has been named bagheera kiplingi. No matter that the spider lives not in India but Central America.
A vegetarian spider? Really?
Bagheera kiplingi live in acacia trees which produce their food: a nutrient-rich nub on the ends of the leaves. Scientists believe the nubs are produced to attract ants, in a symbiotic relationship between plant and animal: the tree feeds the ants, and the ants keep away other herbivores. What’s remarkable about bagheera kiplingi is that they ignore the ants and feed on the nubs instead, making them the only known spider species that’s predominantly vegetarian. But their diet isn’t wholly animal-free: they occasionally eat ant larvae, and other bagheera kiplingi as well. Cannibalisation, however, is just a ‘sometimes’ food!